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italian heavy cruisers

The design requirements for the new vessel reverted to those adopted for the Trentos, as the senior leaders of the navy continued to believe that speed was more important than armor. Noté /5. Ships of the Italian Regia Marina were opposed by vessels of the British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy. Pola was thereafter reassigned to the 3rd Division, along with her three sister ships. This is usually Antriebslose stand to models where develop an interest in more lying on a high level of detail to be seen to be believed of strength or functional, with those can also to be played. The Italian naval high command requested that the proposed cruisers have a very high top speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph); the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty limited the standard displacement of new cruisers to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t) and their main armament to 203 mm (8 in) guns. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. Etna(1885) - Sold 1921 2.2. Discussing the recently announced British Heavy Cruisers and 8.10's Italian Commander Collection. She displaced 13,944 long tons (14,168 t) at full load, though her displacement was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) restriction set in place by the Washington Naval Treaty. Named after the Italian city of Zara, the ship was built at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard beginning with her keel laying in July 1928, launching in April 1930, and commissioning in October 1931. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful propulsion system, among other differences influenced by the Zara class that had followed the Trentos. 13,944 to 14,330 long tons (14,168 to 14,560, The number and type of the primary armament, The dates work began and finished on the ship and its ultimate fate, 4 shafts, Parsons turbines, 36 knots, 150,000. She was ultimately sold for scrap in 1949. The Italian fleet left port on 26 November and while en route to the British fleet, Pola and the battleship Vittorio Veneto were attacked by Swordfish torpedo bombers from the carrier HMS Ark Royal, but both ships evaded the torpedoes. Lookouts on the crippled Italian cruiser spotted shapes approaching and assumed them to be friendly vessels, so they fired a red flare to guide them. She was named after the Italian victory at Vittorio Veneto during World War I, and she had three sister ships: Littorio, Roma, and Impero, though only Littorio and Roma were completed during the war. They carried the same main battery of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns and had a maximum speed of 32 knots. Nov 1, 2014 - Cruiser Fiume was one of the 4 heavy cruisers of 10000 tons class "Zara", every unit taking the name of Italian cities acquired after WWI (Zara, Fiume, Pola, Gorizia). Bolzano was ultimately raised in 1949 and thereafter broken up. Pola's magazines exploded and she sank at 04:03 on 29 March. From 30 July to 1 August, Pola, Trento, and Gorizia escorted a convoy to Libya. Italian Heavy Cruisers of WWII : Author: Steve Wiper, Gordon Hogg: Series: Warship Pictorial » Volume: Nr. Les meilleures offres pour Trumpeter: Italian Heavy Cruiser Zara in 1:350 [9365347] sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et … The Italian fleet sortied to attack the British Operation Harpoon convoy in June 1942, and while on the way, Trento was torpedoed twice, first by a Bristol Beaufighter torpedo bomber and then sunk by the submarine HMS Umbra with very heavy loss of life on 15 June. Trieste was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. The class's design was considered by the Spanish Navy, but the outbreak of World War II interrupted construction plans. Noté /5. Soon, the lead ship of the class - Zara - will reinforce the top rank of the recently introduced Regia Marina in the upcoming War Thunder major update! Les meilleures offres pour Trumpeter 1:350 Italian Heavy Cruiser Fiume sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en livraison gratuite! [1], Pola, named for the eponymous city seized by Italy after World War I, was laid down at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno on 17 March 1931 and was launched on 5 December that year. [11] [12], Like the rest of the Italian heavy cruisers, Bolzano was present at the major fleet actions during the first two years of the war in the Mediterranean. Among the best-protected heavy cruisers built by any navy in the 1930s, the heavy armor was acquired only by violating the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited cruiser displacement to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t). Pola initially served as the flagship of the 2nd Squadron, and in 1940 she led the squadron during the battles of Calabria and Cape Spartivento, in July and November, respectively. 23: ISBN-10: 978-0971068797: Format: Paperback: Pages: 72 pages: Dimensions: 279×210: Language: English: Released: 2004: Publisher: Classic Warships Publishing: Topic: Heavy cruiser Trento-class » Cruisers (Ships) July 8, 1940. [3] Another attempt to intercept a British convoy in late November resulted in the Battle of Cape Spartivento. Both sides claimed victory, but in fact the battle was a draw and everyone returned to their bases safely. Zara was a heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), the lead ship of the Zara class.Named after the Italian city of Zara (now Zadar, Croatia), the ship was built at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard beginning with her keel laying in July 1928, launching in April 1930, and commissioning in October 1931. She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. A total of seven vessels were built to three designs: two Trento-class cruisers, four Zara-class cruisers, … guns in twin mounts, four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts and eight 12.7 mm (0.50 in) guns in twin mounts. After picking up survivors, the destroyers joined Havock and a boarding party was prepared to take Pola, though it was discovered that most of her crew had jumped into the water, and the remaining men were huddled on the forecastle, ready to surrender. In the meantime, Trento was also present during the inconclusive First and Second Battles of Sirte. On 16 August she conducted live fire training off Naples, and at the end of the month she was transferred from Naples to Taranto. [24][19][20] About ten minutes after midnight, the destroyer Havock discovered Pola, still without power, in the darkness. [8] During the action, Pola engaged British cruisers but neither side scored any hits. Retrouvez Italian Heavy Cruisers Of WW2 - Warship Pictorial No. The seven ships represented disagreements within the naval high command, with one faction favoring high speed at the expense of armor protection (which resulted in the Trentos and Bolzano) and another that preferred heavier armor in exchange for a reduced top speed (which produced the Zaras). The ship was laid down in February 1925, launched in October 1927, and was commissioned in April 1929. All of the ships were officially built to the limitations imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, namely a standard displacement of 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) and an armament of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) main guns, though they all exceeded the displacement limit. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful … The turrets were arranged in superfiring pairs forward and aft. They advocated a more balanced design that would incorporate more comprehensive armor, while retaining the battery of eight 203 mm guns and a speed of at least 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). At the beginning of 1928, the Italian Regia Marina, not to be disadvantaged compared to the other … Jervis took off the surviving 22 officers and 236 enlisted men from Pola. She was still out of service in La Spezia, awaiting repairs, when Italy surrendered to the Allies on 3 September 1943; on 8–9 September, German troops occupied La Spezia. A total of seven vessels were built to three designs: two Trento-classcruisers, four Zara-classcruisers, and Bolzano, a modified version of the Trento design. About this, I suggest to read this dramatic and true fact, … [9] [10], By 1928, the Italian navy had begun rebuilding the Conte di Cavour-classbattleships, and as a result, Pola was completed with an enlarged bridge so she could temporarily serve as the fleet flagship. [EN] Gorizia was the fourth and final member of the Zara class of heavy cruisers to be built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the 1930s. Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower to accommodate an admiral's staff. [14] On 14 December, a British air raid on Naples slightly damaged Pola. Jun 30, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Jaroslav Vaškeba. [3], The Italian fleet made another attempt to intercept a British convoy in the eastern Mediterranean south of Crete in late March. Named for the town of Gorizia, the ship was laid down at the OTO Livorno shipyard in March 1930, was launched in December that year and was commissioned into the fleet in December 1931. She was the last of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume e Gorizia were the other three), built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930 she entered service in 1932. The Trento class was a group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. Three of the Zaras—Zara, Fiume, and Pola—were sunk in a close-range night action with British battleships at the Battle of Cape Matapan in 1941, Trento was torpedoed and sunk by British forces in June 1942, and Bolzano was badly damaged by a British submarine in August 1942, which left her out of action for the rest of the war. Gorizia was the fourth and final member of the Zara class of heavy cruisers to be built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s. [11], The Italian fleet was reorganized on 9 December, and Pola joined her three sister ships in the 3rd Division of the 1st Squadron, which was now commanded by Admiral Angelo Iachino. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. [17] The damage filled three compartments with water and disabled five of her boilers and the main steam line that fed the turbines, leaving her immobilized and unable to use her main guns as the turrets were impossible to move due to the loss of power. [3], In late September, the Italian fleet, including Pola, made a sweep for a British troop convoy from Alexandria to Malta, but it made no contact with the British ships. Giovanni Bausan(1883) - Sold 1920 2. While the ship was moored in La Maddalena on 10 April 1943, a major attack from United States Army Air Forces heavy bombers sank Trieste and hit Gorizia with three bombs, inflicting serious damage. 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